5 Most Common Types of Tools Used in CNC Machine Shop

There have been significant developments in the manufacturing sector in the past ten years. Massive manufacturing facilities make room for small-scale businesses that produce a limited number of specialized items. These establishments, which go by CNC machine shops, are perfectly suited to offer CNC machining and prototyping services. They can now quickly fulfill orders for such machined components or prototypes. There are many different pieces of equipment in a CNC milling machine shop, but the variety and type of equipment depend on the size and function of the facility.

Different Types of Tools Used in CNC Machine Shop

  1. Milling Machine

One of the most crucial pieces of equipment in the CNC milling machine shop is the CNC milling machine. A revolving multi-bladed tool is used by this automated equipment to make cuts on a fixed workpiece and shape it to the desired shape. With the help of this tool, the machinist may produce intricate designs with several angled internal components and concealed geometries.

  1. CNC Lathe

A conventional lathe is an old tool that has its root back in ancient Egypt. The two-person lathe was used only for woodworking by the Ancient Egyptians, while today’s lathes serve different purposes. The lathe idea has been modified to accommodate modern industrial requirements, such as automation choices. A chuck and various-sized cutting tools are included in a CNC lathe. The workpiece is stationary as the lathe spins the chuck, retaining it as the blade removes extra material. So, the lathe machine is the one that is used for CNC turning operations. 

  1. Grinding Machine

An elevated grinding abrasive wheel with tiny, hard particles is used in this machine to remove thin layers of material and provide a highly exact dimension with excellent or mirror-like surface finishes. It is best to employ such processes for tolerances IT 7 or above and for high-precision items. They are time-consuming and expensive. Tools used to increase a workpiece’s aesthetic appeal, strength, or other attributes are known as surface finishing tools. Polishing, sandblasting, anodizing, buffing, and painting are all examples of surface finishing services.


  1. CNC Machining Centers

A cutting-edge manufacturing tool is the CNC machining center. It is the fusion of many CNC machining processes, including milling, drilling, and turning. A CNC machining center can do excellent subtractive operations with a standard method of accurate production. It can deliver the highest quality components with unequaled precision and surface perfection. You can use many tools simultaneously and perform tasks one after another until you complete the required portion. Because of this, machining centers can produce goods in less time.

  1. Turn-Milling Machines

A CNC machine shop may also include a turn-milling machine. By spinning the material around the machine’s center point, this machine mills pieces with curved surfaces. Complex structures that are challenging to produce with milling and turning machines can be created using a turn-milling device. High metal removal rates are possible with this machine, and chip control is excellent. 


A CNC milling machine shop is a facility where subtractive manufacturing processes, such as CNC machining, are carried out. Machinists and other technical personnel process precise metals or plastic pieces in such shops. However, to process these things, a machine shop needs specific equipment like turn-milling machines, CNC machine centers, etc., without which a CNC machine shop is incomplete. 

Adam Hansen

Adam is a part time journalist, entrepreneur, investor and father.