Key Technologies That Will Change the Future of Energy Consumption and Production

In its Global Energy Perspective 2022, McKinsey reports that the consumption of power will triple by 2050 with a growth rate of 3-4% per annum from 2019 to 2050. The report further predicts that the global fossil fuel demand will increase between 2023-2025.

Changes in the way we consume and produce energy are on the horizon. From electric vehicles to solar panels, we are seeing a shift in how people use power. As more people realize that renewable energy is not just good for the environment but also can save them money, they are beginning to invest in new technologies. 

At the same time, consumers have more choices than ever before when it comes to using electricity or gas, as well as transportation options like biking and walking. 

In this article, we’ll talk about some of these changes and what they mean for you as well as sustainability efforts around the world.

Smart Grids

A smart grid is the next generation of electricity distribution. They are more efficient, reliable, and cost-effective than the traditional grids we have today. Smart grids help to reduce energy waste by automatically managing demand. 

This is done through real-time monitoring systems that can detect when there is too much demand on the system and automatically turn appliances off or limit their use, thereby reducing peak demand. This results in more efficient use of existing infrastructure as well as reduced costs for consumers.

Smart grids also make better use of renewable resources such as solar panels because they can intelligently store excess power from these sources during periods of low usage so that they can be used when needed most, such as at night. Smart grids will also make it easier for homes with solar panels to sell back their excess energy into the grid rather than having to store it themselves. 

This means that customers will no longer need backup batteries or generators in case something goes wrong with their system. So not only will you save money on those expensive batteries, but your carbon footprint will decrease significantly too.

Green Energy Generation

You can do your part by offsetting your own energy needs with renewable energy sources. Green energy generation, in particular, presents many opportunities to reduce our carbon footprint and help the environment.

Here are some of the best options for generating green energy:

  • Solar power is an excellent source of electricity, as it’s clean and doesn’t have any emissions. Most people have seen solar panels on their roofs or in fields where they generate large amounts of electricity, which can be sent back into the grid.
  • Wind turbines also make great use of natural resources as they convert wind into mechanical or electrical energy that can then be used to power homes or businesses within their range.
  • Biomass refers to using organic materials such as plants and trees for fuel instead of burning fossil fuels like coal or oil. This reduces pollution by eliminating those harmful emissions altogether. 

Waste to Energy

Waste to Energy is a process of generating energy from waste. In the Waste to Energy process, the waste material is first sorted and then transported to the conversion facilities, where it undergoes combustion. The heat produced during this process is used to generate steam which drives a turbine connected to an electric generator. This creates electricity that is used in homes and businesses across the country.

The global waste-to-energy market was valued at $49,300 in 2020, which is predicted to reach $70,700 with a Compound Annual Growth Rate of 4.7%. The growth is attributed to the many benefits of the waste-to-energy process, some of which are listed below:

  • Sustainable solution for waste management
  • Helps reduce landfills by converting waste into usable energy
  • Supports a circular economy model

Energy Efficiency and Conservation

Energy efficiency is the most important thing we can do to reduce our carbon emissions. It is also a way of reducing the amount of energy we use, and this conserves resources and saves money. The benefits are clear. By decreasing our reliance on fossil fuels, we will help slow down climate change and its harmful effects on humans and the environment.

Energy efficiency is certainly not just about saving money. It’s also about saving the planet. It is a key component of sustainability. It helps conserve resources and reduce environmental impact by reducing the amount of energy needed to run our lives. 

For example, if we can get the same amount of work done with less electricity or natural gas, we’re using fewer fossil fuels as well as reducing greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to climate change.

Renewable Energy Generation

Renewable energy is generated from a variety of sources, but the most common are solar, wind, and hydropower. These three types of energy are renewable and sustainable, which means that they can be replenished. 

This is important because it means that we won’t run out of these sources anytime soon. Renewable energies also have an efficiency rate that is higher than fossil fuels and other traditional power sources. 

According to the World Economic Forum, the percentage of electricity generated in the U.S. through the wind was less than 1% in 1990, which grew to reach about 8.4% in 2020. Similarly, Solar energy’s usage in generating electricity grew from 0.1% in 1990 to around 2.5% in 2020. 

Since renewable energies are so efficient at converting sunlight into usable electricity or mechanical force, they can produce fewer carbon emissions than traditional sources like coal-fired plants or natural gas pipelines.

Building an Energy System That Works

As renewable energy technologies improve, they will become cheaper than fossil fuels. As batteries get better and cheaper, they will power electric cars more efficiently and allow homes to store wind or solar energy. As we learn how to store heat in molten salt tanks for later use, we can use renewable sources even when there is no sun or wind available. 

But in order to integrate all these changes into our daily lives, we will require an energy system that is versatile and flexible to changes. A smarter energy system that focuses on efficiency, integration, and active management will be a key driver of future energy systems. 

Energy efficiency will be one of the most important ways to reduce fossil fuel consumption. It can be achieved through better material choices, more efficient use of heat and power, and more effective operation of industrial processes.

The future of energy will be shaped by many factors, like increased demand from emerging markets, climate change, competition from natural gas, and fluctuations in oil prices due to geopolitical events. 

By continuing the ongoing research into cleaner technologies like carbon capture and storage, nuclear fusion, and geothermal power plants under the ocean floor, we can build an energy system that works for all of us today while also planning for tomorrow’s technology breakthroughs.


With the advancements in technology and increased awareness about environmental issues and climate change, green energy has become a viable option for businesses. The future is bright for clean energy, and it looks like we will have more options than ever before to help us power our world.

Adam Hansen

Adam is a part time journalist, entrepreneur, investor and father.