What Is a Data Centre, its Types and Primary Parts?

A Data Centre is a large-scale infrastructure that houses data that belongs to various businesses that use the facility. Every data centre is different. A cloud-based data centre will not provide the same facilities as a private data center. To put it simply, a data center for an online business requires a very different facility than does a data center that hosts government information. If you’re looking to invest in a good data centre, then the ld5 data centre is a go-to option for many.

What Is the Industrial Standard for a Data Centre?

To allow users to understand which data centre is up to mark and worth investing in, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) along with the Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) published a report on the industrial standard for a data centre in the year 2005.

The data centres are divided on a scale of 1 to 4, where tier 4 is the highest and tier 1 is the lowest. With business becoming dynamic and continuously evolving, the data centres present today are growing to meet the high dynamic needs of their clients. 

Types of Data Centre

There are several types of data centres, one that might work for your business might not work for someone else; basically, the data centre does not run on the concept of one size fits all. A few of the most common types are:

  1. Managed Service Data Centre

In this type of Data Centre, the data is managed by a 3rd party hence the leading enterprise never owns the hardware; instead, they lease (rent) the facility.

  1. Enterprise Data Centre

These types of data centres are not made to be used by several organizations. Instead, they are run, operated, and managed by a single entity primarily on-site near their workplace. 

  1. Cloud Data Centre

These data centers are not available for users to operate in person. These types of data centres are typically hosted by cloud-based parties like Azure, AWS, and IBM cloud. 

  1. Colocation Data Centre

Colocation data centres are run in shared spaces where one business entity rents the space owned by another business entity. Hence the workings of the renting business entity are far from the data storage and processing. 

Primary Elements of a Data Centre

Several elements make up a functional data centre; these include:

  1. Facility: This area is dedicated to the hardware that provides information around the clock, making the data centre one of the most power-consuming infrastructures. The purpose of a facility is to be up and running 24/7 and provide proper cooling and humidity levels.
  2. Supporting infrastructure: These components are responsible for keeping the whole centre up and running and include the UPS (uninterrupted power supply) as a power source. The environment control system maintains adequate humidity and temperatures and a security system to ensure that data is safe from any thefts (including biometric verification systems and surveillance cameras).
  3. Operating staff: this staff is available 24/7 around the facility to ensure that the facility is up and running at all times.

Core components: this consists of all the hardware which goes into running the facility.

Buddy Karimi

Buddy is a business journalist with a focus on technology and innovation. With over 10 years of experience reporting on the latest business trends, Buddy has a reputation for being a well-informed, in-depth and analytical journalist. He has a keen understanding of the intersection between technology and business, and is able to explain the impact of emerging technologies on various industries. Buddy has interviewed some of the most influential leaders in the tech industry and has covered major tech events such as CES and SXSW. He is also a regular contributor to business publications and has won several awards for his work.