How Antenna’s Are Used in Different Industries

Engineering is one of the professionals focused on technology, and the uptake of advanced wireless communication is high among professionals. One of the most popular systems in science is the use of antennas. Antennas allow data transmission by using electromagnetic waves.

The electro circuit makes it possible to communicate between a transmitter and a receiver through empty spaces. No cables or wires are necessary. There are different types of antennas for various industries, as discussed below.

Log-Periodic Antenna

The log-periodic antenna offers directional frequencies and functions by receiving a robust transmission from a specific direction. It is not affected by other sources, which enable it to perform better than the omnidirectional antennas.

Some of the antennas are shaped like a butterfly and are omnidirectional, meaning they can receive signals in different angles. Firstly, the log-periodic antenna is in places with weak signals because they filter the frequency from all directions. The technology is suitable in Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), Industrial, Scientific, and Medical (ISM) sectors.

Secondly, the antennas are widely used in engineering fields for broadband communication. Engineers use the appliances in broadcasting because they transmit on frequencies on multiple bands.

Lastly, the log-periodic antenna is used in industries that require directional solutions such as geospatial (site surveying), tracking solutions, space missions, and broadcast.

Types of Log-Periodic Antennas:

  • Bow-Tie
  • Log-Periodic Dipole

Wire antennas

The wire antennas are affordable and widely used for various applications. They are readily available in the market, as they are affordable and easy to make. The antennas are versatile and can be used for long, short, or medium waves, making them useful in broadcasting. They are also made for temporary or emergency uses in places where there are no antennas on site.

In most cases, engineers use them for broadcasting, and they come in a variety of options.

Types of Wire Antennas:

  • Dipole Antenna
  • Short Dipole Antenna
  • Monopole Antenna
  • Loop Antenna

Travelling Wave Antennas

The traveling-wave antenna uses a laid out infrastructure to follow the frequency. It travels in both directions and can only work when a path is created for it. It is mostly used for radio and telecommunication industries.

These antennas are made with specified properties to deliver the required output. They use coaxial cables, made of a single wire connected through an underground path, or long poles that connect the lines.

Types of Travelling Wave Antennas:

  • Helica
  • Yagi-Uda

Microwave Antennas

A microwave antenna is one of the most complex broadcast transmissions. The system communicates between two or more locations with precision and minimal chances of an error. Communication engineers use the antennas for sophisticated wireless data transmissions such as radar, astronomy, electromagnetic warfare, and radio.

Aircraft applications use microwave antennas because the systems are accurate and reliable. They work with a narrow and specific bandwidth. However, the narrow and particular bandwidth is a con because if they lose this connection, the aircraft gets into trouble – but it rarely happens.

Microwave antennas are suitable for use where discreet wireless communication is necessary. They are also powerful as they exchange data through both horizontal and vertical aspects.

Types of Microwave Antennas

  • Planar Inverted-F
  • Rectangular Microstrip

Reflector Antennas

The reflector antennas use the reflecting surface, with a wire that directs the frequency to the desired direction. Depending on the needs of a client, you can use the antenna as a single unit, or group it into multiple antennas.

Engineers often use the antenna in spacecraft because it has a light and sophisticated design that reflects electromagnetic waves. Even though the scan range limits the available bandwidth, the settings can be offset to prevent blocking the feeding point.

Types of Reflector Antennas:

  • Parabolic-Reflector
  • Parabolic

Industrial growth continues, with discoveries that enhance scientific efficiencies. Engineers use antennas to solve the most complicated tasks and in changing communication transmission.

Businesses have embraced technology, and antennas have benefited these organizations by creating better processes, enhancing safety, and saving manual labor costs. Complicated machines can be operated with remote controls, and the antenna technology has made hundreds of investment opportunities along the value chain.

 

Alex Hamilton